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sanboot:debian_lenny_iscsi [2009/11/21 17:11]
garlopf
sanboot:debian_lenny_iscsi [2009/11/23 17:33]
garlopf
Line 1: Line 1:
-====== ​Warning: This is WORK IN PROGRESS! ​======+====== ​Booting from iSCSI with Debian Lenny ======
  
 ==== Introduction ==== ==== Introduction ====
-This howto is based on the howto about [[sanboot:​debian_lenny_iscsi|how to get iSCSI working with Debian Etch]]. It is important to note two differences from that howto:+This howto is similar to [[sanboot:​debian_lenny_iscsi|how to get iSCSI working with Debian Etch]]. It is important to note the following ​differences from that howto:
  
-  * The [[http://​git.kernel.org/?​p=linux/​kernel/​git/​mnc/​open-iscsi.git;​a=tree;​f=utils/​fwparam_ibft;​h=c5a9e5e47f71d7de12cb0b4f07b89e31406bd95b;​hb=054ada67a9eba729cb7b0f96c218877f8a2b933c|fwparam_ibft]] utility used in the initrd scripts in the Debian Etch solution does not exist anymore. Its functionality has changed slightly, and it has been merged into the other tool called ''​iscsistart''​. Both utilites are/were part of the [[Open-iSCSI|http://​www.open-iscsi.org/​]] software. +  * The [[http://​git.kernel.org/?​p=linux/​kernel/​git/​mnc/​open-iscsi.git;​a=tree;​f=utils/​fwparam_ibft;​h=c5a9e5e47f71d7de12cb0b4f07b89e31406bd95b;​hb=054ada67a9eba729cb7b0f96c218877f8a2b933c|fwparam_ibft]] utility used in the initrd scripts in the Debian Etch solution does not exist anymore. Its functionality has changed slightly, and it has been merged into the other tool called ''​iscsistart''​. To test it simply say ''​iscsistart -f''​. Both utilites are/were part of the [[http://​www.open-iscsi.org/​|Open-iSCSI]] software. 
-  * While the iSCSI + Etch guide told you to compile from source, Lenny actually has package called ''​open-iscsi''​ in its repository ​that you can install and use. Simply say ''​aptitude install open-iscsi''​ to have it installed, and follow ​[[http://​wiki.debian.org/​iSCSI/​open-iscsi|its documentation]].+  * While the iSCSI + Etch guide told you to compile ​the open-iscsi tools from source ​because the ''​iscsistart''​ and ''​fwparam_ibft''​ tools were missing from the package, Lenny actually has the ''​iscsistart''​ in the package called ''​open-iscsi''​ in its repository. Simply say ''​aptitude install open-iscsi''​ to have it installed, and have a look at its [[http://​wiki.debian.org/​iSCSI/​open-iscsi|its documentation]]. 
 +  * The ''​open-iscsi''​ package in Lenny also installs iscsi related boot scripts for initrd so you might not have to make your own. However, the devil is in the details below. 
 + 
 +==== Doing iSCSI the lenny way ==== 
 +Install open-iscsi 
 +<code bash>​aptitude install open-iscsi</​code>​ 
 + 
 +Touch the indicatorfile,​ which is queried to determine whether the iscsi tools and scripts are to be copied into the new initrd  
 +<code bash>​touch /​etc/​iscsi/​iscsi.initramfs</​code>​ 
 + 
 +Rebuild your initrd. 
 +<code bash> 
 +aptitude install initramfs-tools 
 +update-initramfs -u 
 +</​code>​ 
 + 
 +Configure the parameters to your kernel with the following goals in mind: 
 +  * The initiator and other iSCSI related parameter should be specified so that the open-iscsi boot scripts can get going with setting up iSCSI 
 +  * The kernel should find the correct disk once iSCSI is online. The safest way is to use a ''​LABEL=''​ or ''​UUID=''​ identification. 
 +Example: 
 +<code grub> 
 +title           ​Debian Lenny iSCSI 
 +   ​kernel ​      /​vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic ISCSI_INITIATOR=iqn.2009-04.mynet:​general iSCSI_TARGET_NAME=iqn.2009-04.mynet.node1:​general.vol1 iSCSI_TARGET_IP=192.168.1.1 ISCSI_TARGET_PORT=3260 root=UUID=021ebcfc-188a-41ba-9864-ee18cbf7af9f ro 
 +   ​initrd ​      /​initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic 
 +</​code>​ 
 + 
 + 
 +Try to boot!
  
 ==== Lenny doesnt fetch from iBFT ==== ==== Lenny doesnt fetch from iBFT ====
-Now if Open-iSCSI is in the repositories then why did I bother to write this howto? Good question! The answer is simply that you don't get the same result with the iSCSI + Etch howto as you get when instlling open-iscsi from the lenny repositories. While the "etch solution"​ fetches iscsi parameters from the [[iBFT]], the "​built-in lenny solution"​ fetches the parameters from configuration file(s) under /etc/ in the initramfs image itself.+Now if Open-iSCSI is in the repositories then why did I bother to write this howto? Good question! The answer is simply that you don't get the same result with the iSCSI + Etch howto as you get when instlling open-iscsi from the lenny repositories. While the "etch solution"​ fetches iscsi parameters from the [[iBFT]], the "​built-in lenny solution"​ fetches the parameters from configuration file(s) under ''​/etc/'' ​in the initramfs image itself ​and/or settings passed as kernel parameters from the bootloader.
  
-While this simple distinction might seem innocent enough, it really isn't. In many cases it is impracticalt to create a new initrd or root image to change the iscsi parameters. Luckily, for most people there is a more elegant way to get the parameters. The latest lenny kernel (as of 4. November 2009) has an [[iBFT]] function compiled in that makes fetching the iSCSI parameters from iBFT really easy. From your initrd script, simply traverse the directory ​<pre>/​sys/​firmware/​ibft</​pre> ​The files in there contain all the ibft information you could ever want.+While this simple distinction might seem innocent enough, it really isn't. In many cases it is impracticalt to create a new initrd or root image to change the iscsi parameters. Luckily, for most people there is a more elegant way to get the parameters. The latest lenny kernel (as of 4. November 2009) has an [[iBFT]] function compiled in that makes fetching the iSCSI parameters from [[iBFT]] really easy. From your initrd script, simply traverse the directory ​''​/​sys/​firmware/​ibft'' ​The files in there contain all the ibft information you could ever want.
  
-''TODO: post an initrd hook/script ​that does exactly that''​+**FIXME I didn't follow this route, but if you do, please put the initramfs ​script ​you created here. You can get access to this wiki by asking in the #etherboot IRC channel at irc.freenode.org. Se below for the route I took, and consequently the script i made instead**
  
-==== XEN Troubles ====+**UPDATE I found a patch that probably solves this!** 
 +This patch might help: http://​bugs.debian.org/​cgi-bin/​bugreport.cgi?​bug=514924#4
  
-There is a catch though. The /​sys/​firmware/​ibft directory is empty if you boot with a xen kernel. This is due to a bug that makes the kernel unable to map memory below 1mb correctly. +==== ExtrasXEN + iSCSI + Lenny + iBFT ====
-http://​wiki.debian.org/​DebianKernelCustomCompilation+
  
 +I decided to share my experience with iSCSI + [[http://​xen.org/​|Xen]] on Debian Lenny because that is a very important part of my setup. If you don't know or don't care about Xen you can simply skip this section. In short, I want to configure all my webserver farm nodes to boot xen dom0 kernels over iSCSI for my little [[http://​colobg.net/​|webhost company]]. The problem arises since the xen kernels prior to 2.6.32 does not populate ''/​sys/​firmware/​ibft''​ directory.
  
 ==== Solutions to XEN + iSCSI + Lenny + iBFT ==== ==== Solutions to XEN + iSCSI + Lenny + iBFT ====
-There are 3 solutions:​ +There are 3 solutions ​to the problem of aquiering iSCSI data from the iBFT with a lenny XEN kernel in initrd: 
-  * Patch the kernel or use an alternate ​kernel ​to fix the iBFT + XEN problem. This patch looks promising: http://​patchwork.kernel.org/​patch/​50838/​ +  * Fall back to the default behaviour in Lenny, namely to read the settings from configurations in ''/​etc/''​ and/or settings passed as kernel parameters. 
-  * Use an utility that get hold of the iBFT data without depending on /​sys/​firmware/​ibft. ​One way to do that is to fetch an older version of the Open-iSCSI sourcecode from here: http://​www.open-iscsi.org/​bits/ ​and compiling the old fwparam_ibft tool that is mentioned in the etch howto. This tool seemingly ​gets its iBFT data directly from memory ​ without asking the kernel ​first+  * Patch the kernel or use an alternate ​kernle (newer than 2.6.32 or patched) ​to fix the iBFT + XEN problem. This patch looks promising: http://​patchwork.kernel.org/​patch/​50838/ ​. Documentation for how to proceed with that is available here: http://​wiki.debian.org/​DebianKernelCustomCompilation and you might also want to read this: http://​packages.debian.org/​lenny/​kernel-package and this: http://​www.debian.org/​doc/​FAQ/​ch-kernel.en.html 
-  * Fall back to the default behaviour in Lenny, ​namely to read the settings from configurations ​in /etc/+  * My favourite: ​Use an utility that gets hold of the iBFT data without depending on the kernel sysfs directory ''​/​sys/​firmware/​ibft''​I did this by fetching ​an older version of the Open-iSCSI sourcecode from here: http://​www.open-iscsi.org/​bits/​. I have confirmed ​that the version ​mentioned in the Etch howto works flawlessly: http://​www.open-iscsi.org/​bits/​open-iscsi-2.0-865.13.tar.gz. I used the Etch howto  as a reference when building. You only need to compile the tool called ''​fwparam_ibft''​ as the rest is allready installed in Lenny. This tool gets its iBFT data directly from memory without asking the kernel ​at all. After compiling the ''​fwparam_ibft''​ tool and copying it to ''/​usr/​sbin'',​ make sure to creating these two initramfs hook script which will be executed automatically to include the fwparam_ibft binary in the ramdisk image when initramfs is updated, and to put it to good use at boot time respectively
 +=== /​etc/​initramfs-tools/​hooks/​iscsi_tcp === 
 +<code bash> 
 +#!/bin/sh 
 +set  -e 
 +PREREQ=""​ 
 +prereqs() 
 +
 +        echo "​$PREREQ"​ 
 +
 +case $1 in 
 +prereqs) 
 +        prereqs 
 +        exit 0 
 +        ;; 
 +esac 
 +. /​usr/​share/​initramfs-tools/​hook-functions 
 +# NOTE THIS WILL BE INCLUDED BY DEFAULT, SO ITS DISABLED HERE: [ -x /​usr/​sbin/​iscsistart ] && copy_exec /​usr/​sbin/​iscsistart /sbin 
 +[ -x /​usr/​sbin/​fwparam_ibft ] && copy_exec /​usr/​sbin/​fwparam_ibft /sbin 
 +[ -x /sbin/ip ] && copy_exec /sbin/ip /sbin 
 +manual_add_modules iscsi_tcp 
 +manual_add_modules ib_iser 
 +</​code>​ 
 +=== /​etc/​initramfs-tools/​scripts/​local-top/​iscsi_tcp === 
 +This script will run at the correct time during boot to bring up iSCSI. It has been verified to work in a XEN-Dom0 node. 
 +<code bash> 
 +#!/bin/sh 
 +set -e 
 +PREREQ="​udev"​ 
 +prereqs() 
 +
 +        echo "​$PREREQ"​ 
 +
 +case $1 in 
 +prereqs) 
 +        prereqs 
 +        exit 0 
 +        ;; 
 +esac 
 + 
 +echo ""​ 
 +echo "​Custom iSCSI Boot script for Debian Lenny starting..."​ 
 +echo ""​ 
 + 
 +modprobe -q iscsi_tcp 
 +modprobe -q ib_iser 
 + 
 +echo "​Evaluating IBFT parameters"​ 
 +for i in $(fwparam_ibft);​ 
 +do 
 + #Strip of namespace 
 + V=$(echo $i | sed '​s|network\([0-9]*\):​|iSCSI_INITIATOR_\1_|'​ | sed '​s|target\([0-9]*\):​|iSCSI_TARGET_\1_|'​ | sed '​s|iscsi-initiator\([0-9]*\):​|iSCSI_INITIATOR_\1_|'​) 
 + echo " ​  ​Exporting $V" 
 + export $V; 
 +done 
 + 
 +echo "​Bringing up the interface used to boot"​ 
 +for i in $(ls /​sys/​class/​net);​ do 
 +       ​IFADDR=$(cat /​sys/​class/​net/​$i/​address) 
 +       if [ $IFADDR = $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_HWADDR ]; then 
 +               echo " ​  Using $i with MAC $IFADDR"​ 
 +               ​export iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_IF=$i 
 +       fi 
 +done 
 + 
 +echo " ​  ​Bringing up $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_IF for iSCSI..."​ 
 +ip link set $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_IF up 
 + 
 +echo " ​  ​Setting up networking on $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_IF..."​ 
 +ip addr add $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_IPADDR/​$iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_MASK brd + dev $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_IF 
 +ip route add default via $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_GATEWAY 
 + 
 +echo "​Connecting to iSCSI target $iSCSI_TARGET_0_NAME on $iSCSI_TARGET_0_IPADDR..."​ 
 +iscsistart -i $iSCSI_INITIATOR_0_NAME -t $iSCSI_TARGET_0_NAME -g 1 -a $iSCSI_TARGET_0_IPADDR 
 +sleep 5 
 + 
 +</​code>​ 
 +**Important:​ remember to ''​chmod +x''​ both these scripts so that the are executable before updating your initrd** 
 + 
 +==== Conclusion ==== 
 + 
 +Configuring boot over iSCSI work in Debian Lenny can potentially be much easier than it was in Etch because of the built-in support for iSCSI boot made by Debian devs in Lenny. If you only have a few servers that you need to boot over iSCSI then using this metod is simple to set up and probably works great. 
 + 
 +However if you have a setup with many computers (cluster) or need a more elegant way to manage your boot parameters for another reason then you will need to modify ​the default behaviour in Lenny, ​and this requires about half the amount of fiddeling required with Debian Etch. 
 + 
 +However if you decide to boot XEN nodes like I showed ​in this example you need to fiddle just as much if not more than the Etch howto described :)
  

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