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appnotes:srp_install [2009/11/05 16:12]
mcb30
appnotes:srp_install [2010/04/20 14:10] (current)
jrc3
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 ====== Installing Windows to an SRP target ====== ====== Installing Windows to an SRP target ======
  
-You can create customised Windows Server 2008 installation media that will allow you to install Windows directly to your SRP SAN target. ​ (You cannot do this using the standard installation DVD-ROM; you must customise ​it first.)+You can create customised Windows Server 2008 installation media that will allow you to install Windows directly to your SRP((**SCSI RDMA Protocol** (SRP) improves the read performance in terms of throughput which is increased significantly for both random read with good locality and sequential read.\\ **Remote Direct Memory Access** (RDMA) is a direct memory access from the memory of one computer into that of another without involving either one's operating system.)) ​SAN target. ​ (You cannot do this using the standard installation DVD-ROM; you must customize ​it first.)
  
 ===== Install the Windows AIK ===== ===== Install the Windows AIK =====
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 ===== Creating an installation medium ===== ===== Creating an installation medium =====
 +
 +==== Making a bootable USB key ====
  
 Insert the Windows Server 2008 DVD-ROM and a blank USB key.  Start up a command prompt and use //​diskpart//​ to list the disks on your system: Insert the Windows Server 2008 DVD-ROM and a blank USB key.  Start up a command prompt and use //​diskpart//​ to list the disks on your system:
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     DISKPART>​ clean     DISKPART>​ clean
 +    DISKPART>​ uniqueid disk id=12345678
     DISKPART>​ create partition primary     DISKPART>​ create partition primary
     DISKPART>​ select partition 1     DISKPART>​ select partition 1
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     DISKPART>​ assign     DISKPART>​ assign
     DISKPART>​ exit     DISKPART>​ exit
 +
 +(where //​12345678//​ can be any non-zero 8-digit hexadecimal string that you choose).
  
 Copy the contents of the Windows Server 2008 DVD-ROM to the USB key: Copy the contents of the Windows Server 2008 DVD-ROM to the USB key:
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 (where //D:// is the drive letter of your DVD-ROM drive, and //E:// is the drive letter of your newly-formatted USB key). (where //D:// is the drive letter of your DVD-ROM drive, and //E:// is the drive letter of your newly-formatted USB key).
  
-===== Preparing the boot image =====+==== Preparing the unattended installation file ==== 
 + 
 +Use //Notepad// to create a file containing:​ 
 + 
 +  <?xml version="​1.0"​ encoding="​utf-8"?>​ 
 +  <​unattend xmlns="​urn:​schemas-microsoft-com:​unattend">​ 
 +    <​settings pass="​windowsPE">​ 
 +      <​component name="​Microsoft-Windows-Setup"​ 
 +                 ​processorArchitecture="​amd64"​ 
 +                 ​publicKeyToken="​31bf3856ad364e35"​ 
 +                 ​language="​neutral"​ 
 +                 ​versionScope="​nonSxS"​ 
 +                 ​xmlns:​wcm="​http://​schemas.microsoft.com/​WMIConfig/​2002/​State">​ 
 +        <​RunSynchronous>​ 
 +          <​RunSynchronousCommand wcm:​action="​add">​ 
 +            <​Order>​1</​Order>​ 
 +            <​Path>​cmd.exe /c for /f %i in (&​apos;​dir /s /b %WINDIR%\inf\oem*.inf&​apos;​) do drvload %i || echo Ignoring error</​Path>​ 
 +          </​RunSynchronousCommand>​ 
 +        </​RunSynchronous>​ 
 +      </​component>​ 
 +    </​settings>​ 
 +    <​settings pass="​generalize">​ 
 +      <​component name="​Microsoft-Windows-PnpSysprep"​ 
 +                 ​processorArchitecture="​amd64"​ 
 +                 ​publicKeyToken="​31bf3856ad364e35"​ 
 +                 ​language="​neutral"​ 
 +                 ​versionScope="​nonSxS">​ 
 +        <​PersistAllDeviceInstalls>​true</​PersistAllDeviceInstalls>​ 
 +      </​component>​ 
 +    </​settings>​ 
 +  </​unattend>​ 
 + 
 +(modifying "​amd64"​ to "​x86"​ if you are using a non-64-bit version of Windows) and save it as //​E:​\autounattend.xml//​ (where //E:// is the drive letter of your USB key). 
 + 
 +==== Preparing the imagex configuration file ==== 
 + 
 +Use //Notepad// to create a file containing:​ 
 + 
 +  [ExclusionList] 
 +  ntfs.log 
 +  hiberfil.sys 
 +  pagefile.sys 
 +  "​System Volume Information"​ 
 +  RECYCLER 
 +  Windows\CSC 
 +   
 +  [CompressionExclusionList] 
 +  *.mp3 
 +  *.zip 
 +  *.cab 
 +  \WINDOWS\inf\*.pnf 
 + 
 +and save it as //​E:​\wimscript.ini//​ (where //E:// is the drive letter of your USB key). 
 + 
 +==== Preparing the boot image ====
  
 Download the correct version of Windows OpenFabrics from [[http://​www.openfabrics.org/​downloads/​WinOF/​]] and unzip the //.msi// installer file.  Unpack the driver files to a temporary location: Download the correct version of Windows OpenFabrics from [[http://​www.openfabrics.org/​downloads/​WinOF/​]] and unzip the //.msi// installer file.  Unpack the driver files to a temporary location:
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     imagex /mountrw E:​\sources\boot.wim 2 %TMP%\Mount     imagex /mountrw E:​\sources\boot.wim 2 %TMP%\Mount
  
-Add the //imagex// command to the boot image:+(where //E:// is the drive letter of your USB key).  ​Add the //imagex// command ​and configuration file to the boot image:
  
-    copy ..\%PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE%\imagex.exe %TMP%\Mount\Windows+    copy ..\%PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE%\imagex.exe %TMP%\Mount 
 +    copy E:\wimscript.ini %TMP%\Mount
  
 Add the WinOF drivers to the boot image: Add the WinOF drivers to the boot image:
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     imagex /unmount /commit %TMP%\Mount     imagex /unmount /commit %TMP%\Mount
 +
 +==== Preparing sanbootconf ====
 +
 +Download //​sanbootconf//​ from [[http://​git.etherboot.org/​releases/​sanbootconf/​sanbootconf-latest.zip]] and save it as //​E:​\sanbootconf.zip//​ (where //E:// is the drive letter of your USB key).
 +
 +===== Creating the installation image =====
 +
 +==== Enabling SRP boot support ====
 +
 +Boot from your USB key, and install Windows Server 2008 to a blank physical disk on a new machine. ​ (This step is sadly necessary due to limitations in the Windows Setup infrastructure.)
 +
 +In the newly-installed Windows Server 2008, install //​sanbootconf//​ from your USB key.
 +
 +Start up a command prompt and prepare the machine for capturing the installation image:
 +
 +    cd %WINDIR%\System32\sysprep
 +    sysprep /oobe /generalize /shutdown /​unattend:​E:​\autounattend.xml
 +
 +(where //E:// is the drive letter of your USB key, which may have changed from earlier).
 +
 +==== Capturing the installation image ====
 +
 +Boot from your USB key.  At the language selection screen, press //​Shift-F10//​ to start up a command prompt window and capture the image:
 +
 +    cd \
 +    imagex /append C: E:​\sources\install.wim "​Windows Server 2008 (SRP boot)" "​Windows Server 2008 with SRP boot support"​ /flags "​SERVERENTERPRISE"​
 +
 +(where //​SERVERENTERPRISE//​ may need to be changed to //​SERVERSTANDARD//​ or //​SERVERDATACENTER//​ depending on which version of Windows Server 2008 you are installing).
 +
 +Quit the Windows installer and shut down the machine.
 +
 +==== Converting back to a DVD-ROM (optional) ====
 +
 +You may want to convert your bootable USB key back to a DVD-ROM. ​ To do this, start up a Windows PE Tools Command Prompt (//​Start//​->//​All Programs//​->//​Microsoft Windows AIK//​->//​Windows PE Tools Command Prompt//) and generate an ISO image file:
 +
 +    oscdimg -m -n -o -bE:​\boot\etfsboot.com E:\ C:​\win2k8.iso
 +
 +(where //E:// is the drive letter of your USB key, and //​C:​\win2k8.iso//​ is the place that you want to store the ISO image file).
 +
 +You can burn this ISO image file to a blank DVD-ROM, or continue to use the USB key.  Either will work for installing Windows Server 2008.
 +
 +===== Installing to the SRP target =====
  
  

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